This video presents “David Hulchanski: Toronto’s Three Cities.”
“A new report details three cities within Toronto: the wealthy city, the middle-class city and the low-income city.
But if David Hulchanski’s research holds true, there will only be two cities in the near future: the rich and the poor.
What has caused this disparity? And what can be done to reverse the cycle?“
The Ontario government had launched Breaking the Cycle: Ontario’s Poverty Reduction Strategy in 2008.
Poverty is no longer just a cycle wherein poorly-paid workers are struggling to “keep up with skyrocketing costs in housing, tuition and energy.”
This title should be revised and updated to ‘Breaking the Path to Poverty’ so as to be fitting to the reality of the present economy.
In today’s economy, the significant loss of Canadian jobs due to outsourcing, dearth of middle-income jobs due to technology/digital revolution, and rampant job insecurity are all causal factors to almost instantaneous poverty for many hard-working individuals.
The shrinking middle class trend goes hand-in-hand with the growing poverty trend in this economy of “anaemic GDP growth“, which is delineated by David Olive of the Toronto Star as follows.
The majority of Ontario children receiving social assistance benefits (67%) are in lone-mother led families
The provincial child poverty rate is 12.6%, or 345,000 children (using 2005 Statistics Canada data on tax income)
That is, one of every eight children in Ontario is living in poverty
The rate declined slightly from 2004 to 2005, but has been on an upward trend since 2001
Ontario’s child poverty rate is the fourth highest in Canada – 44% of all low-income children in Canada live in Ontario
Poverty rates for children in Aboriginal, racialized, new immigrant and lone mother-led families are at least double the provincial rate
In 2007, a single mother with one young child on social assistance had a family income that was at least $5,357 below the poverty line
Full-time, full-year work at Ontario’s new minimum wage of $10.25 an hour generates earnings that are approximately $3,000 below the poverty line
70% of all low-income children in Ontario live in families where at least one parent is working part-time or full-time, yet the families are unable to earn enough to lift family income above the poverty line
Parents who are unable to be in the workforce and rely on social assistance struggle on welfare benefits that are as low now as they were in 1967
Average CEO salary has grown from 25 times the average Canadian income in 1980 to 250 times the average income in 2011
In 2009, Ontario spent $64 per person on affordable housing compared to the average among all provinces of $115 per person
“The Put Food in the Budget campaign began in January 2009 in response to Premier McGuinty’s decision to exclude an increase in social assistance rates for adults in Ontario from his poverty reduction strategy.
The Put Food in the Budget campaign has had two demands since its formation in January 2009:
2011 Minimum Wage Rate Set – Highest of Canadian Provinces
McGuinty Government Striking the Right Balance
After seven consecutive increases, the Ontario minimum wage rate will remain at $10.25 per hour in 2011, the highest provincial minimum wage in Canada.
The Ontario minimum wage has increased by 50 percent with annual increases in the last seven years. These increases outpaced inflation in part to make up for a nine year minimum wage freeze between 1995 and 2004.